Stroke is the leading cause of death and disablity accounting for one in ten deaths and a total of 44 million life every year. It will be good to remember what we can do to prevent stroke on the occasion of world stroke day 2017.
World stroke day 2017 theme is "What's your reason for preventing stroke?
World stroke day is organized by World Stroke Organization established in October 2006. WSO's mission is to reduce the global burden of stroke through prevention, treatment and long term care.
Stroke (also known as cerebrovascular disease) occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood and oxygen it needs, so it starts to die. The extent and location of the brain cell damage determines the severity of the stroke, which can range from minimal to catastrophic. Because different areas of the brain control different functions, the specific effects of a particular stroke depend on which area of the brain is injured. A small stroke in a critical area of the brain can be permanently disabling. Because brain cells do not regenerate, damage to the nerve cells is permanent. Millions of brain cells die each minute a stroke is untreated. Ruptured blood vessels cause hemorrhagic or bleeding strokes.
Warning signs of Stroke
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Types - 2 types - Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes
Disorders after stroke
How can you prevent a stroke?
1. Know your risk factors ie High BP, Diabetes and high blood cholesterol.
2. Be active and exercise regularly.
3. Maintain a healthy diet.
4. Limit Alcohol.
5. Avoid cigarette smoking.
6. Recognize warning signs of stroke.
STROKE warning signs
FAST is the mnemonic to remember warning signs of stroke
F - Check the face, Any drooping of mouth?
Arms - Can they lift both arms?
Speech - Is their speech slurred? Do they understand you?
Time - It is critical to recognise warning signs and take patient to nearbye hospital immediately.
Stroke - Infographic download
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