Smoking and Cancer
Smoking is the sole cause of 80% of lung cancer deaths. It not only causes lung cancer but also increases risk for cancers in mouth, larynx, pharynx, oesophagus, kidney, cervix, liver, bladder, pancreas, colon - rectum, myleoid leukemia etc.
Smoking and Lungs - Smoking mainly causes three kinds of disorders of lungs other than lung cancer. They are Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema.
You might have seen a smoker having an early morning cough. This is called smokers cough. There is tiny particles in alveoli of lungs called Cilia. Cilia sweeps harmful materials out of lungs. In smokers, this action of Cilia is decreased. As a result some particle stays in lungs. While smoker sleeps, some cilia will be back into action. After waking up smoker coughs to clear irritants and mucous that have built in the day before.
Smoking and Heart Diseases
Tobacco contains nicotine which can cause high BP. It also decreases the ability to exercise. Altogether blood may clot in narrowed blood vessels causing heart problems. Tobacco also decreases HDL (good cholesterol) levels. Tobacco can cause peripheral arterial diseases due to build up of plagues. It can also cause Peripheral Vascular Disease - PVD in legs and arms of smokers.
Smoking and Sexual life
Smoking damages arteries which in turn compromises blood flow causing erectile dysfunction in males and also decreases sperm count.
WHO theme for WNTD 2017 is "Tobacco - A threat to development". This theme demonstrates threats that global tobacco crisis is contributing for sustainable development in health and economic well being in different countries. WHO gives advise on proper measures to be taken by governments for health and development of various countries on context of increased tobacco use.
How people can contribute at an individual level to make a tobacco free world?
People can contribute in two ways.
1. People commits to never take tobacco
2. Those who are using tobacco can quit that habit for protecting themselves and people exposed to second hand smoke. The money saved can be used to purchase healthy food, healthcare and education.
History of World No Tobacco Day
WNTD was first created in 1987 and was celebrated along with World Health Day on April 7, 1987. But from 1988, May 31st was designated as World No Tobacco Day.
What is WHO FCTC and TFI?
WHO FCTC is Frame work convention on Tobacco. which guides global fight against tobacco epidemic. It is an international treaty made by 180 parties (179 countries and European Union)
In 1998, WHO established TFI ie "Tobacco Free Initiative" to focus international resources and attention on the global healthcare of tobacco. TFI supports WHO - FCTC.
For healthier ways to quit smoking - Check this link
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