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Tuesday, May 16, 2017

World Hypertension Day - May 17th 2017

Every year May 17 is comemmorated as World Hypertension Day. World Hypertension Day is an intiative by World Hypertension League. 2017 theme of world hypertension day is "Know your blood pressure".

World Hypertension Day - May 17th 2017

World Hypertension league consists of 85 national hypertension societies and leagues. This day was initiated to increase the awareness of hypertension. First WHD was celebrated on May 14 2005. From 2006 the day has been changed to May 17th of every year.

What is Hypertension?

High Blood Pressure or hypertension is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently raised pressure.

Hypertension can also be defined as a systolic blood pressure equal or above 140 mmHg and/ or diastolic blood pressure equal to or above 90 mm Hg.

Is there any warning symptoms for high blood pressure?

No, High blood pressure is a silent killer with no warning symptoms.

Risk Factors for Hypertension

Risk factors for developing hypertension includes,

- Eating too much salt

- Being Overweight

- Not Getting enough exercise

- Drinking too much alcohol

- Using Tobacco

- Increases with age duet to stiffening of blood vessels.

- Genetic factors

- Risk is more when heridity is combined with unhealthy lifestyle choices

Symptoms of High BP

- Sometimes headache, shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain, palpitations of heart and nose bleeds can occur.

- But usually high BP occurs without any warning symptoms

How can you diagnose Hypertension?

You can detect hypertension by recording blood pressure for several days.

Adverse Effects of having high BP

Higher the BP, higher is the harmful consequences to the heart and blood vessels in major organs like brain and kidneys. If left untreated, Hypertension can lead to heart attack and eventually heart failure.

Blood vessels may develop bulges (aneurysms) making them more likely to burst and clog.

High BP can also cause blood to leak out into the brain whcih can cause a stroke.

Hypertension ultimately leads to kidney failure, blindness, rupture of blood vesssels and cognitive impairment.

What can you do to prevent and control Hypertension?

- Eat a healthy diet

- Limit intake of sodium by reducing amount of salt added to food (Not more than 5gms (one teaspoon)/day)

- Maintain a healthy weight

- Be physically active

- Do not use tobacco

- Limit alcohol use

- Check your BP regularly

- Treat High BP

- Prevent and Manage other medical conditions such as diabetes. This is because 60% of people who are having diabetes also have high BP.

- Reduce and manage mental stress using yoga, meditation and other relaxation techniques.

Prevalence of Hypertension 

- 36% of Adults aged above 25 years is having high BP

- 1.5 million deaths occur in South East Asia alone due to high BP.

That was a small article on how to prevent, detect and treat your hypertension. Hopes this article is useful for somebody.

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